Top 10 Blood Tests Ordered by Doctors (2023)

In this article, we will review the most popular lab tests. Most of them are not expensive but still informative and can be useful in serious medical conditions prevention. All of them can be ordered directly. It makes these blood tests affordable for uninsured people or people with high deductible medical plans. Why these tests are so cheap and why they can be ordered online without a doctor order we explained in our article called "What is online blood test? The first time order?"

1. CBC Blood Test (includes Differential and Platelets)

CBC blood test is presented in most of the overall wellness panels. It is usually ordered to calculate the number of red blood cells (RBC; these cells carry the oxygen) white blood cells (WBC; these blood cells fight infections) and platelets (responsible for blood clotting). However, there are many markers evaluated by this tests on the top to the most common, mentioned above.

Anemia is one of the diseases that is commonly diagnosed with the help of complete blood count test. Low RBC level means that a body does not get enough oxygen for functioning. Low level of platelets may cause long-time bleeding and blood loss.

Abnormal levels of blood cells may be caused not only mild health conditions but also lead to serious health issues (like stomach ulcer).

CBC blood test cost is from ~$30 to $45

2. Lipid Panel

Lipid Panel (Lipid Profile) is for evaluation of cholesterol in patient’s blood.

Several cholesterol types that measured are: HDL-high density lipoprotein (so-called “good cholesterol), LDL-low density lipoprotein (bad cholesterol), Total Cholesterol. Also, Triglycerides (fat globules level) in blood is another item on the test list.

These tests altogether are called "Lipid Panel". This panel is widely used for heart attack risk evaluation since "bad" cholesterol can be a reason of lipid plaque build-up.

The cost of the lipid panel is ~$30 - $40.

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3. TSH lab test

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is responsible for thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) hormones level changes in the body. It stimulates the thyroid gland to release these two hormones, which control how the body uses energy.

In case of abnormally high TSH level in blood, levels of T4 and T3 can also elevate and cause thyroid disorders (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism).

With these medical conditions, a person may experience rapid heart rate, nervousness, weight loss, hand tremors and some other.

TSH blood test costs from ~$27 to $45.

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel or simply CMP is one of the essential tests for overall wellness testing. It includes 14 tests to check kidney, liver functioning, parathyroid, and diabetic status, evaluate fluid and electrolyte balance.

This is a more advanced version of the basic metabolic panel (BMP) that also includes tests for a liver health evaluation.

CMP test also used to monitor patients with chronic diseases and as part of annual (or another routine) testing. However, it often shows false-positive results and should be repeated to confirm. Another option – order more specific tests to re-check abnormal results.

The cost of CMP blood test is ~$27 - $40.

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5. Iron, Total and Total Iron Binding Capacity

Iron, Total and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) blood test is designed to evaluate overall iron level in blood and check what amount of iron can be transported by protein transferrin. The iron is very important for red blood cells production. In case if the iron level is low, the risk of anemia development is high.

When the level of iron in blood is low, a person experiences fatigue, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, a tingling feeling in the legs and some other.

The price for Iron, Total and Total Iron Binding Capacity blood test is ~$25 - $50.

6. Estradiol blood test

Estradiol (E2) is the major female sex hormone.

Estradiol (E2) is the major female sex hormone. It is involved in menstrual female cycles and regulation of oestrous. It is also responsible for the development of female secondary sexual characteristics. During the life, estradiol helps to develop and maintain female reproductive tissues.

This test is one of the most popular tests ordered for annual check-ups and during the pregnancy. It is also included in the all-female wellness test panels by most of the lab stores.

The price for Estradiol test starts from ~$35 and may reach $60 mark.

7. Testosterone, Free (Dialysis) and Total LC/MS/MS lab test

Testosterone is the major male sex hormone. It is responsible for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics. It is produced mainly in testes.Low testosterone level can cause low sex drive, hair and muscle mass loss, fatigue, increased body fat, and erectile dysfunction (ED).

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In some cases, low testosterone level may cause even a depression.

Testosterone, Free (Dialysis) and Total LC/MS/MS test measures the level of free testosterone and its total amount in the blood. Free testosterone is the testosterone in the blood that is not bound to any protein and can be used by the body in future.

The cost of Free and Total testosterone blood test starts from $50.

8. Vitamin D blood test

Vitamin D plays an important role in the body since it helps to absorb calcium and so keep the bones strong. The body can produce Vitamin D by itself under UV rays. Another resource for this Vitamin are eggs, fish, and dietary supplements.

Vitamin D deficiency leads to brittle bones, frequent bone fractures, muscle weakness, changes in mood and osteoporosis.

Vitamin D, 25-Hydroxy, Total, Immunoassay blood test helps to evaluate a total amount of Vitamin D in the body.

The cost of Vitamin D blood test is ~$49 - $75.

9. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) test

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is responsible for ovarian follicles in women and the gonad development and sperm production in men.

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In case if FSH level is low, getting pregnant is become harder. In women, FSH deficiency leads to irregular periods or menopause. In men, it leads to low sperm count. Low FSH level can also cause pituitary or hypothalamus disorders.

This blood test is a common test in men’s and women’s health profiles (panels) from the most lab stores.

FSH blood test costs from approximately $30 to $50.

10. Hemoglobin A1c test

One of the most important tests that are usually ordered by physicians for evaluating the amount of sugar in the blood for the last two-three months.

It helps to diagnose pre-diabetes condition as well as both types of diabetes. This test is performed periodically to detect pre-diabetes health condition and avoid its further development of diabetes.

The price of Hemoglobin A1c blood test is ~$27 - $40.

Should all these lab tests be ordered together?

This is the list of tests that are ordered the most and provide people with a possibility of checking their overall wellness. Most of them are available in the form of health panel, for example, "men's health" or "women's health" panel.

They can be ordered directly without doctor order, but still, it is better to consult with a doctor to check if all of the tests are useful in your particular case. Also, you can find more information regarding these lab tests at the site associated with The American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC). Most of listed blood tests help to evaluate the possible health issues without the information about the cause of the abnormality. It means that other, more specific tests should be ordered to detect specific health issues.

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What is the most commonly ordered blood tests? ›

Complete blood count (CBC) The complete blood count (CBC) is one of the most common blood tests. It is often done as part of a routine checkup. This test measures many different parts of your blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

What blood tests do doctors normally do? ›

What Do Common Blood Tests Check For?
  • What are different types of blood tests?
  • Complete blood count. A routine complete blood count (CBC) is a lab test that can provide an overview of your health. ...
  • Red blood cell count. ...
  • White blood cell count. ...
  • Platelet count. ...
  • Hemoglobin test. ...
  • Hematocrit test. ...
  • Mean corpuscular volume.
Jul 7, 2022

What are the 3 main blood tests? ›

A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel.

What does a 12 panel blood test include? ›

This panel contains the following components: Amphetamine, Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, Cocaine, Methadone, Methamphetamine, Opiates, Oxycodone, Phencyclidine, Propoxyphene, Cannabinoids (THC), and Tricyclic Antidepressants or their metabolites. Please indicate suspected substance(s).

What is a full panel blood test? ›

Description. This package includes a collection of screenings commonly ordered at an annual health visit to evaluate your overall health, measuring the basics including blood sugar, calcium, electrolytes, blood count, and liver and kidney function. It may also be used to screen for health conditions, including diabetes ...

What 15 tests are included in a basic metabolic panel? ›

What is this test?
  • Calcium. Calcium plays a role in keeping your cells working the way they should. ...
  • Carbon dioxide. This can be a measure of how well your kidneys and lungs are working.
  • Chloride. This is a measure related to how your body manages fluids.
  • Creatinine. ...
  • Glucose. ...
  • Potassium. ...
  • Sodium. ...
  • Urea nitrogen, or BUN.

What blood tests should you get annually? ›

Many doctors recommend that you get blood work once per year, during the time of your annual physical. The three essential lab tests are routine blood work, A1C testing, and a lipid panel. These tests can provide a comprehensive insight into your current health status.

What cancers are detected by blood tests? ›

Blood testing is a tool healthcare providers use to help diagnose and manage cancer. Examples include complete blood count and tumor markers.
What cancers are detected by blood tests?
  • Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Leukemia.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Multiple myeloma.
Feb 1, 2022

What are the 5 main blood tests? ›

Common ones include:
  • Complete blood count (CBC). This test measures different parts of your blood, including red and white blood cells, platelets, and hemoglobin. ...
  • Basic metabolic panel. ...
  • Blood enzyme tests. ...
  • Blood tests to check for heart disease. ...
  • Blood clotting tests, also known as a coagulation panel.
Mar 9, 2021

What blood tests detect heart problems? ›

Troponin blood test - troponin is a protein which is released into the blood stream when the heart muscle is damaged. The troponin level provides a quick and accurate measure of any heart muscle damage. It's used to help in the assessment following suspected heart attack.

Why do doctors order so many blood tests? ›

Lab tests can help your doctor be sure that your medication or treatments are staying effective. Changes in your labs or symptoms may also indicate the need to bring in a specialist to help with your care.

What blood test shows liver function? ›

Alanine transaminase (ALT) test.

This test may be performed to assess liver function, and/or to evaluate treatment of acute liver disease, such as hepatitis.

What are the 14 tests in a comprehensive metabolic panel? ›

The CMP includes 14 tests: ALP, ALT, AST, bilirubin, BUN, creatinine, sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide, chloride, albumin, total protein, glucose, and calcium.

What is an 8 panel blood test? ›

A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a test that measures eight different substances in your blood. It provides important information about your body's chemical balance and metabolism. Metabolism is the process of how the body uses food and energy.

What is a Chem 10 blood test? ›

The chem-10 consisted of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium, potassium, chloride, carbon dioxide (sometimes called bicarbonate), glucose, calcium, magnesium, and …

What blood tests detect inflammation? ›

A CRP test may be used to help find or monitor inflammation in acute or chronic conditions, including: Infections from bacteria or viruses.

What labs are included in a wellness exam? ›

The Picture of Health: What Routine Labs Capture When It Comes to Wellness
  • Urinalysis (UA)– A Snapshot of Kidney Health. ...
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) ...
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) ...
  • The Lipid Panel – Keeping Your Heart Healthy. ...
  • Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) – An Expanded View of Diabetes Risk.

What should you not do before a blood test? ›

Recommendations for how to prepare for blood test:
  • Avoid drinking or eating anything for 8-12 hours before the test. ...
  • You should not eat 3 hours before the clinical blood test.
  • Eat less fatty and fried food, and avoid alcohol 1-2 days prior to the test.
  • Don't smoke 1 hour prior to the test.

How many tests are in a comprehensive metabolic panel? ›

A basic metabolic panel (BMP) includes eight of the 14 tests in a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP). A BMP doesn't include the liver enzyme and protein tests.

What blood tests indicate dehydration? ›

An electrolyte panel is a blood test that measures the levels of seven electrolytes in your blood. Certain conditions, including dehydration, cardiovascular disease and kidney disease, can cause electrolyte levels to become too high or low. This is an electrolyte imbalance.

What does magnesium blood test show? ›

A magnesium blood test measures the amount of magnesium in your blood. Magnesium is a type of electrolyte. Electrolytes are electrically charged minerals that are responsible for many important functions and processes in your body. Your body needs magnesium to help your muscles, nerves, and heart work properly.

Should you get a CBC every year? ›

A Complete Blood Count (CBC) checks red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This type of blood work is most often used to identify conditions such as anemia, heart disease, autoimmune diseases, leukemia, and other cancers. Everybody, regardless of risk factors, should receive a complete blood count annually.

Do you really need blood work every year? ›

Doctors recommend patients have routine blood tests at a diagnostic testing center at least once a year, at around the same time as other physical examinations. Medical practitioners require it to monitor your condition and detect illnesses early on.

How many times a year should you get blood work done? ›

It's recommended that you get a blood test done at least once a year during your annual checkup. If you've got pre-existing conditions like hypertension, heart disease, or diabetes, you may need to increase your blood work every three or six months, depending on the recommendation of your provider.

Would a full blood count show anything serious? ›

Full blood count (FBC)

This can help give an indication of your general health, as well as provide important clues about certain health problems you may have. For example, an FBC may detect signs of: iron deficiency anaemia or vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. infection or inflammation.

Can blood work detect all cancers? ›

Aside from leukemia, a broad term for cancers of the blood cells, most cancers cannot be detected during routine blood work. However, blood tests can provide helpful information about: Overall health. Organ function.

What are 3 tumor markers? ›

Tumor Markers in Common Use
  • ALK gene rearrangements and overexpression. ...
  • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) ...
  • B-cell immunoglobulin gene rearrangement. ...
  • BCL2 gene rearrangement. ...
  • Beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) ...
  • Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (Beta-hCG) ...
  • Bladder Tumor Antigen (BTA) ...
  • BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations.
May 11, 2021

What blood test shows blocked arteries? ›

Ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP), or high-sensitivity CRP: This test indicates vascular inflammation. Higher levels mean a higher risk of heart and blood vessel disease.

What are the warning signs of clogged arteries? ›

Dizziness or weakness. Heart palpitations, or sensations of your heart racing or fluttering. Nausea or sweating. Shortness of breath.
Your doctor may also use tests that look for signs of atherosclerosis, such as:
  • A weak or absent pulse.
  • A whooshing sound (bruit) in your artery.
  • Low blood pressure in one of your arms or legs.

What are the signs of an unhealthy heart? ›

Symptoms of heart disease in the blood vessels
  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina)
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper belly area or back.
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in the legs or arms if the blood vessels in those body areas are narrowed.
Aug 25, 2022

Do doctors call right away with bad test results? ›

If a result is sufficiently abnormal to cause any immediate medical concerns the doctor will contact you themselves. If a doctor wants to discuss a test result where there is no significant level of concern, they may ask reception to book you in for a routine telephone call.

Do doctors get kickbacks for ordering tests? ›

Most of your healthcare providers do not earn any profits based on your medical testing. Kickbacks or commissions, where a laboratory or facility pays a healthcare provider for referrals, are illegal in most states in the United States, although there are certainly examples of fraud.

What are the 4 warning signs of a damaged liver? ›

yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes (jaundice) swelling in the legs, ankles and feet caused by a build-up of fluid (oedema) swelling in your abdomen caused by a build-up of fluid known as ascites. a high temperature and shivering attacks.

What are the first signs of a bad liver? ›

If signs and symptoms of liver disease do occur, they may include:
  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
  • Abdominal pain and swelling.
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Dark urine color.
  • Pale stool color.
  • Chronic fatigue.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
Apr 8, 2022

What are the 5 liver function tests? ›

What are the five primary liver function tests?
  • Liver enzymes test. Your liver enzymes include alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT). ...
  • Total protein test. ...
  • Bilirubin test. ...
  • LDH test. ...
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) test.
Nov 9, 2022

What blood tests Cannot detect? ›

Neurological disease such as stroke, motor neurone disease, Alzheimer's and multiple sclerosis aren't diagnosable from blood tests. Similarly, the diagnoses of depression, schizophrenia, ADHD and autism lack a specific blood diagnostic marker.

What diseases will a blood test reveal? ›

Your doctor can also use blood tests to search for markers of diseases and health conditions such as:
  • diabetes.
  • HIV.
  • anemia.
  • cancer.
  • coronary heart disease.
Nov 16, 2021

Would a blood test show anything serious? ›

Full blood count (FBC)

This can help give an indication of your general health, as well as provide important clues about certain health problems you may have. For example, an FBC may detect signs of: iron deficiency anaemia or vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. infection or inflammation.

What can ruin a blood test? ›

Non-prescription drugs (aspirin, cold medication, vitamins), prescription drugs, and alcohol intake often affect blood test results. Your medical practitioner must have a complete and honest picture of your use of medications in order to effectively interpret the results of your blood tests.


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